All over the world, many people in different places love football. Over the years this amazing game of teamwork and skill has certainly captured the attention and hearts of many. So where does the geometry fit into the picture? Geometry, a field of mathematics focused on the study of shapes, sizes, measurements, and comparative views of various figures, is actually considered a practical field that plays a major role in football. After all, those familiar with the sport in particular know that it involves a lot more shapes, areas, and measurements than the formations players apply.
The soccer field
A basic concept in geometry is symmetry or balance. If you look at various soccer fields, you will find that they are all marked evenly. What you find on one side is always reproduced on the other. It is a literal representation of what is known as a level playing field.
Basically, the shape of a football field is rectangular. There are specific lengths which are expressed in yards or meters when measuring the rectangle. Certainly you will see that there are many other shapes to be found in this field – the penalty area and the penalty arc, the center circle, the goal area and the corner arc among others.
There are applicable laws to follow when making marks on a soccer field. Therefore, the field worker must ensure that these are followed to meet the given requirements. I myself have experienced refereeing in real matches. In my observation, there are arches that seem to resemble ordinary melons. Goal posts can also be round or square as long as the width is the same as the goal line. It is also important to note that standard measurements are used for the penalty area and the center circle. For example, the penalty area should be 44 meters long and 18 meters wide. Indeed, symmetry can be vital if you want to determine the location of the goal posts and the end zone.
Perfect symmetry is surely necessary when planning and marking the football field. The above standardized measurements must also be followed for the field to be approved by law.
The soccer ball
Geometry is also essential in identifying the type of ball to use in a soccer match. Of course, one of the basic conditions is that the shape of the ball must be spherical. Otherwise, the ball will not be rolled or used correctly in the game. In addition, a circumference of approximately 27 to 28 inches is mandatory. There are also laws relating to the geometric specifications of the soccer ball. Despite improvements and innovations undertaken to improve the ability of the ball to increase goal scores, the standardized requirements remain the same.
The football game
Knowing the angles and measurements will greatly benefit soccer players during a match. Victorious passing completion is greatly enhanced when players know how to determine angles. For example, while an opponent is about to pass the ball to a teammate, you can do a quick review of the relative positioning of players on the pitch in order to block the pass or obstruct their paths. And in the event that one of your teammates advances the ball “too square”, it makes it more difficult to access the third attacker.
If you are playing the role of an attacker, it would help to use wider angles. Instead of applying a direct route, pass the ball through wide angles and you will decrease the chance of an opponent grabbing the ball from your side. Indeed, this example is a superb application of knowledge about angles. Of course, football players don’t have to be good at geometry to be able to do this. Nevertheless, studying geometry in relation to football will go a long way in eliminating more trial and error.
When taking on the role of goalkeeper, it is also important to know the angles. The positioning of a goalkeeper is essential to reduce the angle through which the opponent can reach the goal and score. It does not work the same for the keeper. The shooting scorer frequently slips off the goal line when facing penalties. This is also done when attackers arrive. By applying the geometry here, you realize that you need to shorten the distance for the same angle so that there is also a thinner space for both sides of a triangle. In the decision on team formation, triangulation has a huge effect on football.
Indeed, geometry is a major player in football where fundamental techniques are used and where team formations are concerned, as well as the technical aspects of the pitch and the ball used. In addition, symmetry should be strongly considered. Using geometry, you will know how to correctly mark an arc and you can avoid making the central circle oval instead of perfectly round. If this happens, the ball will not roll to the right and keepers will tend to stay on the goal line when attackers arrive. Geometry is certainly crucial in football.