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A new government team, made up of personalities all committed to President Félix Tshisekedi, was unveiled Monday in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. She was appointed four months after President Tshisekedi’s coalition split with his predecessor, Joseph Kabila.
A new government made up of personalities all committed to President Félix Tshisekedi was unveiled on Monday April 12 in Democratic Republic of Congo. It is the crowning achievement of President Tshisekedi’s battle for emancipation against his predecessor, Joseph Kabila, after the breakup in October of the coalition that had linked them since January 2019.
“The size of the government has been reduced, the participation of women and young people has been taken into account. The principles of representativeness and inclusiveness have been respected,” said when announcing the appointment of his government, Jean-Michel Sama Lukonde, the Prime Minister appointed on February 15.
Government publication of#UnionSacréedelaNation.
Female representativeness: 27%
Average age: 47 years old
New figures: 80%
The priorities: Security, Health, Education, Justice, Agriculture, Fisheries & Livestock, Economy, Electoral process, Infrastructure, Digital
– Sama Lukonde (@LukondeSama) April 12, 2021
The previous cabinet, a coalition government formed in August 2019, was led by Sylvestre Ilunga Ilunkamba (pro-Kabila) and had 66 members, in addition to the prime minister. Supporters of Joseph Kabila were in the majority (43 pro-Kabila and 23 pro-Tshisekedi) and held key positions. The government team was made up of 83% men and 17% women.
The new government, baptized government of “the sacred union of the nation”, has, in addition to the Prime Minister, 57 members including 14 women, that is to say a female representativeness of 27%, according to the presidential ordinance read on television State Council (RTNC) by the president’s spokesman Kasongo Mwema.
Control over the security device
In this newly appointed government, relatives of former opponents Moïse Kabumbi and Jean-Pierre Bemba occupy strategic positions.
Like Eve Bazaïba, secretary general of the Mouvement de liberation du Congo (MLC), the party of Jean-Pierre Bemba, who is appointed Minister of the Environment with the rank of Deputy Prime Minister.
Christophe Lutundula and Christian Mwando, supporters of Moïse Kabumbi, were appointed respectively to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and that of Planning.
The party of Vital Kamerhe, former chief of staff of the Head of State sentenced to 20 years in prison in a corruption case, retains the important Ministry of the Budget and that of Land Affairs.
The president tightens his grip on the security apparatus: the Ministry of Defense is given to a retired medical general, Gilbert Kabanda, close to President Tshisekedi, and that of the Interior to Daniel Aselo Okito, deputy secretary general of the UDPS, the presidential party.
The ministries of finance and education are also entrusted to the supporters of the head of state.
Change of allegiances
This new government definitively closes Act I of the Tshisekedi five-year term (January 2019-December 2020), marked by the failure of the coalition with Joseph Kabila.
Félix Thisekedi was proclaimed winner of the controversial presidential election of December 2018. Invested January 24, 2019, the former opponent led the country until last November in coalition with the camp of his predecessor Kabila, who had kept the majority in the National Assembly and the Senate.
On December 6, the Head of State ended this coalition and embarked on a conquest of all the levers of power against the backdrop of the threat of dissolution of Parliament. Félix Tshisekedi and his supporters finally succeeded, by dint of debauchery, in overthrowing the majority of Joseph Kabila in both chambers.
All those close to former President Kabila were then successively removed from the head of the country’s political and judicial institutions. Much of the political class has left Joseph Kabila to pledge allegiance to President Tshisekedi.
Supported by Washington and the European Union, Félix Tshisekedi now has a free hand to apply his program: fight against corruption and poverty, which affects two-thirds of the population, and bring peace to the bloodied east of the country. by the violence by armed groups.