Since football is arguably the most popular team ball game in the world, one would think that all the rules and regulations of the sport would have been formed and would know from the start, or at least there would be defined, universally accepted rules. and applied. This is partially true, because when it comes to terms like going out, goal kick, foul, etc., we all understand the exact same thing. However, there is an interesting detail about the length and size of the field.
The size of the pitch, when football was first introduced, was not defined and even the layout could be different even in the same country, which practically meant that someone could play in an 80-meter pitch. and someone else in a 100 yards. This fact was not only strange but also unfair to the players, so that the first Football Association, founded by the British in the 19th century, introduced the first guidelines for the appropriate length, and years later FIFA introduced established the rules and currently exists.
Even now, if the existing rules allow some kind of variation with respect to the size: the field must be rectangular (this rule cannot change and does not imply any kind of variation), the length cannot be less than 100 meters (90 m), and not greater than 130 (120 m) and its width cannot be less than 50 (45 m), and not more than 100 yards (90 m). For international games, it is a little more limited: the length cannot be more than 120 yards (110 m) nor less than 110 yards (100 m), and the width no more than 80 yards (75 m) nor less than 70 yards (64 m).
In all cases, however, the length must always exceed the width. In modern football, although rarely, someone can see that large variations, so more or less all fields are approximately the same size without reaching the maximum suggested and allowed. However, the size should be reduced for women’s football or the pitches allocated to players under 16 or disabled.
With the exception of the size of the outside lines, there are rules that also apply to the inside lines of the football field. According to these, the field is separated by a central line, which has exactly the same distance from each of the ends of the width. There is always a circle, located in the middle of this line, and its diameter should be 10 meters.
The goal posts are placed in the middle of each width of the field and must measure 24 feet wide and 8 feet high and they are surrounded by two rectangular boxes: the larger one, called the penalty bench since each fault in this area leads to a penalty kick, is 18 yards wide and 44 long.
The small box, called the protection zone, is 6 meters wide and long. Another interesting rule about the size of the inside lines of the pitch is that around the corner there is a flag placed in a circle 1 meter (0.914m) in diameter – this is where the corner kick takes place.
There is a lot of research and analysis on the length of the football field; most of them converge to the point that larger fields are better suited for players with better stamina and fast players who tend to kick the ball forward and run, making it difficult for defenders , while the smaller ones are and allow more touches and greater fun. (which is why recreational and non-professional are generally smaller).
In a wider field, players have to run more which can affect their game as they can easily wear out and end up playing with long kicks and make the game boring and degenerate. Longer and bigger pitches require better coordination and better coverage between team lines, otherwise opponents have a better chance of organizing their play and reaching the posts becoming dangerous.